Employment Law Alert

Employment Law Alert

News and Updates on Employment Law

Category Archives: Restrictive Covenants

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Trade Secrets Theft by Former Employee Results in a Criminal Conviction Under the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Act but Still Leaves Uncertainty Over the Scope of the Act

Posted in Restrictive Covenants, Trade Secrets
In United States v. Nosal, a federal jury in California convicted a former employee of Korn/Ferry for violating the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act ("CFAA"). The evidence showed that the defendant directed his co-conspirators within the firm to use a borrowed password to gain access to trade secrets to be used in establishing their own business. The use of the borrowed password was critical to the successful prosecution under the CFAA because earlier in the case the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued an opinion that narrowly interpreted the statute to prohibit only "unauthorized procurement or alteration of information, not its misuse or misappropriation." The significant aspect of the Ninth Circuit's interpretation of the CFAA in Nosal is the Court's conclusion that a violation of the statute does not occur merely because an employee initially uses his authorized access to obtain his employer's proprietary information even if he does so with the intent to misappropriate it. Presumably, had Nosal's co-conspirators who accessed the computerized information in question been able to do so using their own passwords, there would have been no "unauthorized procurement" in violation of the … Continue Reading

Federal Government Taking More Steps to Protect Trade Secrets

Posted in Employment Agreements, Policies/Handbooks, Privacy, Restrictive Covenants
The federal government continues to take aim at those who violate trade secrets rights. On December 28, 2012, the Theft of Trade Secrets Clarification Act of 2012 (S. 3642) became law, expanding the definition of trade secrets under the Economic Espionage Act (EEA). In addition, as previously reported in a Gibbons IP Law Alert blog, the President is expected to sign legislation recently passed by Congress that triples the damages for a violation of trade secrets protection laws and provides technical changes to patent applications and protections. Also worthy of note is an 82-page report from the U.S. Department of Justice issued last month detailing federal enforcement efforts concerning trade secrets theft… Continue Reading

New Jersey District Court Enjoins Former Financial Services Employee from Taking Customer Information

Posted in Restrictive Covenants
In a case to be noted by financial services entities that are signatories to the "Protocol for Broker Recruiting," a New Jersey District Court issued a preliminary injunction to a financial services employer, Ameriprise Financial Services, Inc. ("plaintiff") to prevent a former financial advisor employee from retaining certain client information that he downloaded from his computer prior to his departure from plaintiff. Plaintiff was a party to the "Protocol for Broker Recruiting" that prescribes a method for a departing employee to retain certain client information when leaving for another financial services institution. To grant the injunction, the Court found that plaintiff showed it likely would succeed on its underlying breach of contract claim, it would suffer immediate irreparable harm absent the injunction, defendant would not suffer harm if enjoined, and the injunction favors the public's interest. The Court essentially decided that if the Protocol is not followed in the first instance, a departing financial representative's subsequent compliance is tainted and insufficient to withstand subsequent legal challenge… Continue Reading

New Jersey’s New Trade Secrets Act

Posted in Restrictive Covenants
New Jersey employers should be aware that yesterday Governor Chris Christie signed into law the New Jersey Trade Secrets Act ("the Act"), which for the first time codifies the law in New Jersey concerning the misappropriation of trade secrets. The new law is derived largely from, although is not identical to, the Uniform Trade Secrets Act, variations of which have been adopted in the great majority of states. New Jersey companies who are concerned about potential trade secret misappropriation by current or former employees should study the new law carefully… Continue Reading
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